Neo-Renaissance and Baroque in Warsaw

Neo-Renaissance architecture was a mixture of 19th Century styles that were not Gothic Revival or Greek Revival, but instead drew from the classicizing Italian styles. Neoclassicism is the most popular of these styles. It is the main architecture of the Mona Lisa Museum in Florence and was influential in Michelangelo’s Vitruvian Man. Neoclassicism was influenced by stylized naturalism of Greek art, especially Palladium. Neoclassicism declined as the decline of the Roman Empire. In the early Renaissance periods new styles emerged including the Italian baroque style, which was characterized by individualistic forms and ornamentation. During the Baroque Period, Neoclassicism was popular, but then it waned as the common style of architecture was accepted.

Sometimes, Neo-Renaissance architecture may be confused with late medieval and early modernist architecture. Although they have some commonalities, such as the use arches that are rounded and similar ornamental flourishes however, they differ. For instance the design principles of the Renaissance were focused on perfect harmony, symmetry and balance, whereas Neo-Renaissance architecture at the time was based on pure geometric form. This deviation from the original Italian architecture could be the reason behind the difficulties associated with the Neo-Renaissance concept of architecture.

Neo-Renaissance architecture is characterized by a combination of several important stylistic elements, including Neoclassicism, the use of natural materials, and the elevated importance of man made space. This type of Neoclassicism was particularly prominent in the Italian cities of Venice, Tuscany, Genoa. The Neo-Renaissance style is often credited with other important architectural styles, like the Baroque, urea or the Gothic Revival.

Neo-Renaissance architecture could also be called modern classical architecture. The style is also referred to as Baroque. However the most important thing to note is that it was distinct from the traditional Italian architectural style. One of the most distinctive characteristics of Neo-Renaissance architecture is the diagonal movement of staircases, which is a relic of earlier designs of walking with a cross-legged foot. The first Italian architecture had a lot of arches and columns as well as numerous doors, windows and monasteries.

A number of the most renowned structures in the world are the cathedrals of Chartres, Locarno, and Cernea Noster, all of which are built using elements of neo-renaissance and French Renaissance architecture. These are distinctive from the more common arches or steeples that are typical in Italian architecture. The former have stairs that are diagonal, while the latter are a spiraled version. The staircases in the latter are symmetrically arranged in opposite directions. However, these buildings with unique designs, possess certain traditional characteristics that can be easily identified for example, the arched and twisted staircase design and the absence of connecting doors.

The Neo-Renaissance architecture is often criticised for its extravagant appearance and the overly detailed internal organs. This criticism is mostly directed towards the collation hall, which was built during the Gothic period and is often considered to be simply a glorified public toilet. Wollaton halls were chosen because of their elaborate designs, which included the central staircase of two stories and a vaulted ceiling. The buildings were challenging to build and required skilled craftsmen. So not only were the collation halls extremely lavish, they also offered one of the most beautiful views in town.

Architectural Styles The last group of Neo-Renaissance buildings to receive their name are the so-called baroque and Renaissance architectural styles. Similar to the Gothic styles, these architectural styles are distinguished by their extravagant decorations and renderings of natural scenes. Baroque architecture employs a lot of classwork and represents the art of impressionism. Renaissance architecture employs heavy, dark woods, and has high ceilings.

Neo-Renaissance and baroque structures can still be seen in areas of Warsaw. For instance, the remains of the papyrus chapel, St. Nicholas Church and St. Nicolas Church can all be found within the city. A significant part of the underground chambers of the State Museum of Poland (Warsaw University Museum) also belongs to the neo-renaissance era. There are many other examples of these architectural styles. In fact, it could even be hard for modern-day architects to differentiate between a baroque building and a Neo-Renaissance structure!

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